FGM / Khatna (Female Genital Mutilation)

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Dawoodi Bohra Muslim Girl Victim of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) / Khatna in India

What is Female Genital Mutilation?

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), also known as Female Genital Surgeries or Female Circumcision, refers to a range of physical or surgical excisions performed on the female genitalia. The surgeries have a long history and have been performed in a variety of both First and Third World cultures and countries around the globe. They are practiced in over forty countries around the world, and estimates put the number of women currently subjected to some form of the practice in excess of 100 million. Despite international efforts to criminalize the custom, the number of procedures may be increasing. With immigration the practice is moving to the United States, Canada and Great Britain. This type of traditional practice encompasses a range of surgeries involving varying degrees of invasiveness. The long standing understanding of the practice has been that it comprises three types. These are:

Type I : The “sunna” is the mildest and rarest form and is the closest to being a true “circumcision”. It involves the cutting, or burning away, of the tip of the prepuce or hood of the clitoris.

Type II : The “intermediate” form involves the removal of the clitoris and some or all or the labia minora. This form is sometimes also referred to as “excision”. The intermediate form can involve not only the removal of the clitoris and labia minora, but also some slices of the labia majora.

Type III : “Infibulation” or the pharonic form, is the most severe and most prevalent form, and involves the removal of the clitoris and all of the labia minora and labia majora.

Source: W: fgm.sudesh.org

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