AN INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR STREET CHILDREN
Objective: Provisions for shelter, nutrition, health care, sanitation and hygiene, safe drinking water, education and recreational facilities and protection against abuse and exploitation to destitute and neglected street children.
Target Group: The programme will endeavour to provide non-institutional support necessary for the wholesome development of street children particularly those without homes and family ties and children especially vulnerable to abuse and exploitation such as children of sex workers and children of pavement dwellers. Children living in slums and with their parents shall be excluded from the coverage of the revised scheme as experience has shown that they tend to dominate the programme at the expense of more vulnerable children such as those without homes and family ties. Also the programmes of other Ministries such as Human Resource Development, Urban Areas and Employment and Labour already cover children living in urban slums.
(i) City level surveys to determine the number of destitute and neglected street children;
(ii) Documentation of the existing facilities both Governmental as well as non-governmental, available to meet the developmental needs of these children and preparation of City Level Plans of Action;
(iii) Contact programmes offering counseling, guidance and referral services to destitute and neglected children aimed at their eventual withdrawal from a life on the street;
(iv) Establishment of 24 hours drop-in shelters for children with facilities for night stay, safe drinking water, bathing, latrines, first-aid and recreation;
(v) Non-formal education programmes imparting literacy, numeracy and life education;
(vi) Programmes for reintegration of children with their families and placement of destitute and children in foster care homes/hostels and residential schools and their maintenance therein;
(vii) Programme for enrolment of these children in schools including full support for subsistence, education, nutrition, recreation and their wholesome development;
(viii) Programmes providing facilities for training in meaningful vocations, trades and skills to earning capacity;
(ix) Programmes for occupational placement of destitute and neglected children;
(x) Programmes aimed at mobilizing preventive health services and providing access to treatment facilities;
(xi) Programmes aimed at reducing the incidence of drug and substance abuse, HIV/AIDS and STDS and other chronic health disorders amongst these children;
(xii) Programmes aimed at providing recreational facilities;
(xiii) Post ICDS/Aganwadi programmes for children beyond 6 years of age unenrolled in schools, providing health care and nutritional supplement as well as special assistance to facilitate enrolment in schools;
(xiv) Programmes for capacity building of NGOs, local bodies and State Governments to undertake relate responsibility;
(xv) Programmes for advocacy and awareness building on Child Rights;
(xvi) Any other programme consistent with the Rights of the Child and/or covered under the Juvenile Justice Act, 1986.
Eligibility for Assistance
Under the scheme, grant shall be sanctioned subject to terms and conditions laid down by this Ministry and provided applications for the same is received as per prescribed proforma. The agencies eligible for assistance shall be as follows:
(i) State Governments and Union Territory Administrations.
(ii) Institutions or organisations set-up by Government as autonomous bodies either under a statute or as a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 or otherwise.
(iii) Educational and other institutions of the like local bodies and cooperative societies.
(iv) Non-governmental organisations meeting the following requirements:
[a] It is a registered body under an appropriate Act so that it gets a corporate status and a legal personality and a group liability is for its group activities.
[b] It has an appropriate administrative structure and a duly constituted managing/executive committee.
[c] The aims and objects of the organisation and programmes in fulfillment of those aims objects and preciously laid down; and
[d] The organisation is initiated and governed by its own members on democratic principles, without any external control.
[e] The organisation shall not run for profit to any individual or a body of individual s and shall take an undertaking to submit periodically and punctually reports and returns as prescribed from time to time by the Government of India (Ministry of Women and Child Development).
The concerned organisation should have been registered for a period of two years but in case of North-Eastern region, Jammu & Kashmir, desert areas and under served/under represented areas the condition of two years will not be applicable. In any other deserving cases where an individual or a group of individuals has substantial background experience in specific sector and the individual or group of individuals want to work in that area the condition of two years may be relaxed by Secretary, Women and Child Development.
Upto 90 percent of the cost of the project will provided by the Government of India and remaining shall be borne by the organisation/Institutional concerned. In case of State
Government/Municipal Bodies undertaking execution of any activity directly the funding pattern will remain 90:10 between the Government of India and the State Government/Municipal Corporation. However, where an activity is taken up by a Union Territory Administration, 100 percent of the cost shall be borne by the Government of India. Similarly if the Ministry of Women and Child Development itself execute any part of the programme (city-wise enumerations, appointment of lead consultants/Chartered Accountants, advocacy and awareness generation activities, etc.) full cost shall be payable from budgetary allocations made for the programme.
Extent of Support to the Project
Under the programme while no pre – defined cost heads shall be stipulated, at the project formulation stage each implementing agency shall submit a detailed proposal clearly bringing out programmes modalities and individual expenditure heads. The Ministry of Women and Child Development while approving the projects shall indicate the extent of support to the project as a whole as well as to each component of the project which shall not be variable except by prior approval of the Ministry. The staffing norms and honorariums for full time and part time staffs will broadly be on the pattern of the other schemes of the Ministry. Depending upon the type of activity and nature of service an appropriate amount not exceeding Rs. 15.0 lakhs per annum will be sanctioned as recurring cost to each project. In exceptional cases the ceiling may be relaxed by Secretary [WCD].
Application and Sanction
An organisation desirous to apply for grant-in-aid under this programme will send its application to an authority or body designated for the purpose by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
On receipt of an application for grant-in-aid inspection will be undertaken by the prescribed agency. On the basis of the inspection report of the prescribed agency the proposal will duly be processed.
The Ministry from time to time will specify the nature, type and periodicity of the inspection and audit and the agency which will be designated to carry out the inspection and audit. The entire expenditure on this account will be borne by the Ministry of Women and Child Development from within the budget allocation for this programme.
Release of Grant-in-aid
The grant will be released to selected organisations in half-yearly installments. The first installment (70 per cent) will be released as soon as possible for the year to which the application pertains. An audited statement of accounts and the performance report for the previous year shall, however, be required before the second installment is released. An organisation shall before it receives assistance from the Government of India execute a Continuity Bond valid for 5 years in the prescribed proforma to the effect that in the event of its failure to comply by any or the all the conditions of the grant shall be liable to refund the whole or such part of the grant shall be liable to refund the whole or such part of the grant as the Government may decide with interest thereon.
Should the actual expenditure on the items for which assistance was sanctioned fall below the level at which the grant was determined, the organisation shall be liable to refund unutilized portion of the grant to the Government of India. The organisation must exercise reasonable economy in expenditure on approved items. The organisation shall maintain separate accounts of the grants received under this scheme. They shall always be open to check by an officer deputed by the Government of India. They shall also be opened to test check by Controller and Auditor General of India at his discretion. The organisation shall maintain a record of all assts acquired wholly or substantially out of government grant. Such assts shall not be disposed of, encumbered or utilised for purpose other than those for which the grants were given without prior sanction of the Government of India. The organisation would also submit to the Ministry a statement showing the equipment purchased out of the assistance with its price. If an organisation has already received or is expected to
receive a grant from some other official sources for the purpose for which the application is being made under this scheme assessment of the grant will normally be made after taking into account grant from such other official sources. If it is found at a later date that the organisation has withheld or suppressed information regarding the grant from other sources, the grant from Government of India may be cancelled, reduced or the organisation may asked to refund the grant already paid to it. The organisation should have its own organizational budget for the year for which it proposes to apply for assistance. The service of the organisation should be open to all citizens of India without distinction of religion, race, caste, language or any of them. The organisation shall be open to inspection by an officer of the Central Government and the State Government or nominees of these authorities. The organisation shall furnish to the Ministry of Women and Child Development such information as the Ministry may require from time to time.
(i) City-wise Surveys
The Ministry with the help of competent institutions/organisations or professional agencies shall carry out an enumeration of street children in all State Capitals as well as in other cities having population of 1 million or more persons.
(ii) Performance Appraisal Mechanism
The Ministry will also appoint, “lead consultants” (competent institution, organisation, professional agency or in their absence State Government/Municipal Corporation) to:
[a] Report upon the socio-economic background of street children in each identified city;
[b] Prepare in coordination with City Level Forums a status report for each city in which amongst others services and facilities available to street children shall be documented;
[c] Assist city level forums to prepare city level plans of action to augment services and facilities for street children;
[d] Evaluate the operation of the Ministry’s scheme of Welfare of Street Children in each city where the programme is already operational;
[e] Assess the capabilities of NGOs applying for grant-in-aid under the revised scheme;
[f] Carry out an annual performance review of all participating NGOs for purpose of renewable of grant-in-aid as well as for programme formulation; and
[g] Prepare an annual country report on the situation of street children.
(iii) City Level Forums
Based upon the assessment of the situation of street children, city level plans may be formulated. The responsibility for formulation and implementation of these plans may rest with the City Level Forums which shall comprise representatives of State Government, Local Municipal Corporation and city NGOs working for street scheme becomes operational.
Amongst others the functions of the Forum may include:
(i) Documentation of existing facilities in the city for street children;
(ii) Formulation of city level plans;
(iii) Coordination with the Central/State/Local Government and between NGOs themselves;
(iv) Advocacy and awareness generation on the rights of children;
(v) Organising training programmes for NGO functionaries;
(vi) Organising orientation and sensitization programmes for judicial, administrative and police personnel coming in contact with street children;
(vii) Facilitating community participation in the programmes for street children;
(viii) Developing quality and consistency in the programme for street children;
(ix) Mobilising resources through voluntary contributions from the community for street children programmes;
(x) Administering the implementation of the scheme at the city level conjunction with the Local Government;
(xi) Establishing facilities for the common use of member organisations; and
(xii) Documentation of the best practices adopted by NGOs working for street children;
(xiii) Preparation and publication of an annual report on the situation of street children in the city/country;
(xiv) Advise the State Government/the Government of India on formulation of policies and programmes for street children;
(xv) Undertaking any other activity consistent with the best interest of street children.
The city level forums may be eligible to receive grants-in-aid for specific programme such as training, workshops, seminars etc. The Government may also in addition provide annual grants to the forums as administrative support under the revised scheme.
On-going Projects Under the Pre-revised Scheme
The on-going projects under the pre-revised scheme may be allowed a transitional period to adjust to the new approach. Essentially they will have to increasingly focus upon children without homes and family ties and limit their interventions to one or more of the programme components of the revised scheme rather than operating omnibus programmes as at present. The pre-revised restricts grant-in-aid for a project of 300 children to 90 per cent of Rs. 8,21,600/- i.e. to Rs. 7,39,440/- per annum. The per capita monthly cost comes to Rs. 228, 90 per cent of which is provided by the Government of India as grant-in-aid i.e. Rs. 205 per child per month. Since these rates were fixed 5 years ago it is proposed to allow for an increase of 25 per cent to compensate for cost escalations. Thus to the on-going projects during the transitional period grants-in-aid shall be provided at the rate of Rs. 250 per child per month. In keeping with the revised approach existing stipulations regarding minimum size of each project, qualifications relating to staff and item-wise allocation of grants-in-aid shall not be insisted upon. Instead each NGO will be provided grants-in-aid at the rate of Rs. 250 per child per month. The utilization of these grants-in-aid shall be left to the discretion of individual agency.
However, before the new funding pattern comes into force each NGO shall be required to submit a detailed proposal of the manner in which it proposes to utilize the per capita grant-in-aid. The NGO in its proposal shall clearly specify item-wise expenditure to be incurred which shall not be changed without the prior permission of the Ministry. The proposal of each NGO shall be finalized by the Ministry based upon the recommendation of the lead consultants.
LIST OF DOCUMENTS TO BE SUBMITTED BY NGOS ALONGWITH APPLICATION FORM
FOR FIRST INSTALLMENT OR NEW CASES
a. Accounts in four parts for the project for which grant-in-aid is sought and for the organization as a whole.
(i) Income & Expenditure Statement
(ii) Receipt & Payments Statement
(iii) Balance Sheet
(iv) Auditors Report
b. Activity/Annual Report of the organization for the previous year
c. Budget Estimates for the project for current year
d. Details of Beneficiaries on Form-I
e. Details of Managing Committee on Form-II
f. Details of Employees on Form-III
g. Copy of Registration Certificate
h. Memorandum of Association/Bye-laws/Articles
i. Utilisation Certificate in respect of grants released in the previous year
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